20 Mystery Facts about the Caesarion


(11) Cleopatra possibly killed Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II, her own brother, to give her son free access to the throne.

(12) According to unconfirmed sources, Cleopatra might have arranged for the escape of Caesarion to India via Berenice’ Red Sea port. Caesarion was possibly 17 years old at that time.


(13) Was Caesarion made to go to Egypt? Plutarch mentions that he was drawn to the kingdom of Egypt by false promises by Octavian.

(14) How he died remains shrouded in mystery. He is believed to have been executed by Octavian in Alexandria, at the suggestion of Arius Didymus.

(15) According to popular thinking, he was asphyxiated – although that is not exactly known. After him, the control of Egypt completely went to Octavian in around 30 BC – as per Egypt’s standard chronological system.

(16) Only a handful of images of him are still to be found.

(17) The Roman wall painting of mid-1st century BC in Italy’s Pompeii shows Venus with a cupid. Could this be a representation of Cleopatra and Caesarion?

(18) Caesarion is supposed to be represented in an Alexandrian harbor in a partial statue.

(19) A few bronze coins of Cleopatra VII show his image as an infant.


(20) He is believed to be shown as an adult pharaoh in the Temple of Hathor at Dendera, with his mother.

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